World map from 1910.

Separatist, Para-military, Military,
Intelligence, and Political Organizations

Organizations Using the Internet

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This is not a new phenomenon — I have had some version of these pages since the mid-to-late 1990s.

In 1998, Maj. Gen. John Casciano, USAF director of intelligence, said that most of the 30 top organizations then identified as terrorists by the U.S. government had web pages and used e-mail, and were "fairly well developed" at using the Internet. [Aviation Week and Space Technology, 13 July 1998, pp 67-70].
In late 2001, Michael O'Brien, in his "Ask Mr. Protocol" column (S/W Expert, Dec 2001, pp 15-19), said: "It is trivially easy to find Web sites operated directly by all parties involved in current conflicts around the world, or in some cases by their supporters in more technologically advanced areas."
In 2007, Bruce Riedel wrote "According to one expert, there are at least 4,500 overtly jihadi web sites that dissiminate the message of Al Qaeda." From "Al Qaeda Strikes Back", in Foreign Affairs, May/June 2007, pp 24-40. Riedel's background: 29 years of service in the CIA, National Intelligence Officer for Near East and South Asian Affairs at the National Intelligence Council (1993-1995), Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Near East and South Asian Affairs (1995-1997), Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Near East Affairs on the National Security Council (1997-2002).
In May 2007, members of a U.S. Senate committee said that extremists are increasingly using the Internet to "recruit, organize, conduct online courses, raise funds and plan attacks in a matter that's cheaper and speedier than ever before." Michael Doran, Deputy Assistant Secritary in the U.S. Defense Department, said: "The more than just a tool of terrorist organizations. It is the primary repository of the essential resources for sustaining the culture of terrorism." See the U.S.A. page for more details on these May 2007 announcements.

Sometimes the Internet presence seems to be the organization itself, sometimes it seems to be nothing but advocacy for or against a cause by an individual or group, and sometimes it is very difficult to tell just what is going on.

As the Internet presence of groups has shifted from mostly English to other languages (Arabic, Urdu, etc) and I unfortunately do not have time to attend universities studying various languages, this has become impractical for me to maintain — if you have any suggestions or corrections, please contact me.

For your own study, see "Al Qaeda Strikes Back", in Foreign Affairs. Most of the 30 top organizations then identified had an Internet presence.

And no, you do not have my permission to put a copy of this on your web site.

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